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What is the relationship between dark matter and supernovas?

Supernovas are the most energetic events in the universe, releasing immense amounts of energy in the form of light and other radiation. Dark matter is an unseen form of matter that cannot be directly observed, but its presence and effects on the universe can be inferred from its gravitational influence on visible matter. The relationship between dark matter and supernovas is not fully understood, but there is evidence that dark matter plays a role in the formation and evolution of supernovas.

Supernovas are believed to be formed through the collapse of an extremely massive star, which results in a shockwave that causes the star to explode. Dark matter, which is thought to make up around 85% of the universe's matter, has been found to have a significant effect on the formation and evolution of supernovas. Dark matter has been found to influence the propagation of the shockwave, as well as the rate of expansion of the supernova remnant.

Dark matter is also believed to play a role in the formation of some of the most powerful supernovas, known as hypernovae. It is thought that dark matter particles may interact with the collapsing star, causing the star to become more massive than it would otherwise be. This could result in a more powerful supernova, and possibly even a hypernova.

The effects of dark matter on supernovas are still being studied, and more research is needed to understand the full extent of its influence. However, it is clear that dark matter is an important factor in the formation and evolution of supernovas.

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